Monday, December 6, 2010
I went to this historical place on a cool season which changed my entire opinion on India. The first thing i noted in this place is the dietary habit which the rest of the country loosing. The habit of going with nature, every vendor in the train or railway platform is carrying a natural eatables. No chemicals.
But the next thing which i saw made me to frown. Every station in the state is filled with a row human creatures lying asleep in the night. These people dont have a shelter. Still the constitution is not fully established in this state.
At that momemt, kerala based railway employee, gave a information that human lives are not considered a matter. Illegal activities are very common and its very unsafe to go out in night. So not even Gandhi's dream came true.
Transport is one of the horrible one in Patna and the entire Bihar. No public transport system, neither govt nor private operated. Only cycle rickshaw, auto rickshaw...The reason is very funny...No citizen is willing to pay money for the travelling ticket...But the people are dedicated in their work...but no one seems to have a good IQ (Person driving the car only on second gear, a crowd inside the ATM centre, travelling in roof top with the entire van empty)
The only thing which makes us feel is the feel that the Indian history started in Pataliputra. The oldest Nalanda university, Buddha gaya, Jamshedpur steel city, and many more to mention...If we want ot write anything on India's history both ancient and modern, patna will find a first mention.
Patna museum has a plenty of good old sculptures aging from 2A.D. brought from all part of India, afganistan, Burma, China, Srilanka, etc., collections of Rajendra Prasad, Nehru, etc.,
But in recent years, Patna and Bihar as a whole had a reasonable developments. Many villages which has not experienced electricity is glowing now, a few flyovers in the city, wide railway stations, many many government schemes and many to mention.
Recent surprise is out of elected 243 MLA, 19 where Doctorate holders. Another thing to mention is, Bihar is one of the state which gives the nation more number of IAS officers.
The final opinion after the visit to Bihar is, we can't declare India as a developed one without sufficient contribution to and from this part of the country.
Wednesday, July 21, 2010
The Third important landmark in Anna Salai of Chennai is Higginbotham's Book Shop in front of the LIC Buildings.
The Higginbotham's is an Indian company of book sellers and publishers based in the city of Chennai. The main bookstore at Mount Road, Chennai has the reputation of being India's oldest bookshop in existence.
The Higginbotham's was established by an English librarian named Abel Joshua Higginbotham.It is alleged that he arrived in India as a British stowaway. In fact he was born 1 February 1819 and baptised 7 March at cannonore, Madras.
In the 1840s, he was employed as a librarian with a bookstore named Weslyan Book Shop run by Protestant missionaries. However, the store suffered heavy losses and the missionaries who ran the business decided to sell their shop for a low price. Higginbotham purchased the business and set up his own store and called it "Higginbotham's" in the year 1844. The Higginbotham's is, therefore, India's oldest bookstore in existence. Soon, it gained a reputation for quality. John Murray, in his Guidebook to the Presidencies of Madras and Bombay in 1859, describes Higginbotham's as the "premier bookshop of Madras".
The Higginbotham's started selling stationery and also publishing and printing their own books from the 1860s onwards. When the British Crown took over the governance of India from the British East India Company by the Queen's Proclamation of 1858, copies of the Proclamation were printed in English and Tamil and distributed all over the Presidency by Higginbotham's. he Higginbotham's were appointed as the "official booksellers to His Royal Highness, the Prince of Wales" during the latter's visit to India in 1875. Abel Joshua Higginbotham served as the Sheriff of Madras in 1888 and 1889. From 1890 to 1920, the Higginbotham's were the sole suppliers to the Connemara Public Library. James Higgs, who was the Managing Director from 1890 onwards, was a prominent Freemason who had previously served as the Grand Deacon of England and the Deputy District Grand Master of Master.
Abel also involved his son C. H. Higginbotham in his business. On Abel's death in 1891, the firm passed on to the hands of his son C. H. Higginbotham. C. H. expanded the business beyond Madras. Higginbotham bookstalls were established in Southern Railway stations. In 1904, the Higginbotham's moved to a new building that has been specifically built for the firm. In 1929, the Higginbotham's had as many as 400 employees.
In 1921, Higginbotham's was purchased by John Oakshott Robinson who added the store to his group the Associated Publishers. Associated Publishers was bought by S. Anantharamakrishnan of Amalgamations Group in 1945 and has since remained a part of the conglomerate. Some of Higginbotham's famous customers were Clement Attlee, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari and S. Radhakrishnan. Rev. Miller, who established the Madras Christian College, was another regular at Higginbotham's.
The Higginbotham's was the largest bookstore in India till the 1990s. In 1989, renovations helped restore the original look upon the building.
The Higginbothams has a chain of 22 outlets spread across the South Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala.
You will wonder, Higginbotham's working hours are very narrow. 10.00AM to 8.00 PM Never opens on sundays. You will always find a security at the entrance round the clock(In 2005, ofcourse, Higginbotham's was stealed by its own security personnel).
Saturday, June 26, 2010
When you enter the Anna Salai (then Mount Road)in Chennai, u will never miss the sight of the LIC buildings which has become the popular landmarks in this Metro.
LIC buildings was built on 55 ground of plot, this 177 feet tall building till date remains the popular symbol of modern architecture in Chennai. This 14 storied building has 1,26,000 sq.ft of floor area and stands on 521 pneumatic caisson piles that run to a depth of 35 feet. Built at the cost of 87 lakhs in 1959. The building consumed about 26,000 sq.ft of special glass that was treated with infra-red rays, stove enameled and made water resistant with synthetic enamel paint.
M Ct.M.Chidambaram Chettair conceived this building in 1952 as the head office of United India Life Assurance and New Guardian Life Insurance. H.J.Brown and L.C.Moulin, the London based architects, drew the designs.
The construction commenced in 1953. The London architects withdrew in 1957 and the rest of the construction was overseen by Chennai based architect L.M.Chitale. The completed office building was to become the office of LIC and not that of the United India Life Insurance because the insurance service was nationalised by 1956 and all the assets were made over to LIC.
Like Spencer Plaza, this building was also a victim of Fire Accident in beginning of 1970's latter restructured to the present state. During the Bangladesh war, this building is used by the army as a control room and as a surveillance tower to identify from which building in the city the light glows (its supposed to put off the lights after sunset during war periods. Some sources say that missiles are also installed during that war period on this building)
In Mid-July 2012 some noticed a crack in the 11th floor of the building which the building engineers attributed to the work of the Chennai Metro Rail Project right outside the building. But it was denied by the CMRL and IIT-M experts. Later the defect was corrected jointly by LIC and CMRL.
This important landmark of Chennai that consumed 1000-ton steel and 3000-ton cement was inaugurated on August 23 1959. Standing bravely even after 50 years.
Wednesday, June 2, 2010
The wealth of any country will grow only with the network of effective transport facility. India one of the biggest developing countries in the world has an huge network of transport system. Most of which were laid by the English people, which were well developed to meet the growing needs.
National Highways in India is managed by National Highways Authority of India (NHAI)which is constituted as per the NHAI Act passed in Indian Parliment in 1988. It is responsible for the development, maintenance and management of National Highways entrusted to it and for matters connected or incidental thereto. The Authority was operationalised in Feb, 1995.
NHAI's active contribution started with its Golden Quadrilateral Project implemented by the A. B. Vajpayee's Union Government in the goal of connecting the two ends of the country Kanyakumari and Kashmir with Road network with a web connecting all the major Sea ports.
NH no 7 which is considered as the India's longest National Highway is included in the Golden quadrilateral project. Indian road network is the world's second largest one with about covering 33 lakhs KM of roads of which 200 KM is considered to be Express Highway were the minimum speed is around 100 KM/Hr and about 70,548 KM in NH with maximum speed of 70 KM/Hr.
In Tamil Nadu the major NH are 7, 46,and 47. Salem, Krishnagiri are starting points for one NH each. Madurai, Trichy and salem forms the junction point for about 5 NH each.
The first public - private project for four lane road on build-operate-hand over basis in Tamil Nadu is implemented in coimbatore byepass road connecting Coimbatore and Pallakad. This project is carried over by L&T company with arrangement of operating for 25 years.
The infrastructure development in the Road sector in India had made enormous changes in the recent years offering millions of job oppurtunities contributing to the development of the whole country.
NHAI has released security bonds on the face value of Rs. 10000 which in the 2011 in the aim of fund raising. This will be a safe investment option but with a nominal interest rate of 6%. Recently Union Government has decided to form a new organisation for raising the finance towards the projects of NHAI. So in feature investment in NHAI will turn into a profitable one.
Monday, May 3, 2010
Spencer Plaza is one of the must visit place in Chennai. To hang out, to see the modernization, to shop, etc., But most of the people who visit this place don't know the other side of this huge historical place.
Thursday, April 29, 2010
Jolarpettai Railway Junction (JTJ) - a landmark for all the people in and around Jolarpettai when they go out of the district. This junction has to be mentioned if we start to talk about the history of Southern Railways and the history of Vellore District (then North Arcot Ambedkar District).
Tuesday, April 6, 2010
Starring: Magesh, Anjali, Sneha(Guest Performance)
Wednesday, March 3, 2010
Title: Manithanukkulle Oru Mirugam
Sunday, February 28, 2010
Friday, February 19, 2010
“Hello Priya…” Rajesh called his loving wife after a 10-hour stretch of work in a leading IT company in the city.
“Haaai darliinnng…” she responded in her usual loving tone, “how’zzz the day?” she asked.
“So hectic…” replied Rajesh in his tired voice.
“Ok dear. Have some drinks to cool yourself” she tried to relieve his suffering.
He sipped soft drink from the refrigerator and after a bath, he asked her, ‘Oh dear. What for dinner? Same thing today? Chappathi?’
“Take the dough from fridge’ she added.
After the dinner was over, he cleared the dishes from microwave and asked how her day was. “Lots of work still pending da… don’t know what to do!” Meanwhile, he switched the TV on to his favorite comedy channel Aditya and turned towards his wife. ‘Oh! God’, he exclaimed on seeing ‘401 WEB PAGE NOT FOUND’
Priya got frustrated thinking that Broadband service standards were still bad in India compared to the US on seeing the Rajesh’s profile in OFFLINE mode on GTALK!
Sunday, February 14, 2010
Sunday, February 7, 2010
Cobalt is a heavy metal well known for more than 300 years. Since all the forms of cobalt is highly unstable, no free form of it persists in nature. Cobalt is available in the form of ore.
40% of the world's cobalt comes from Zambia and Congo. There are many forms of isotope available for cobalt of which only Co60 has the longest half life of 5.27years. Artificial Co60 is created by bombarding a Co59 target with a slow neutron source, usually 252Cf moderated through water to slow the neutrons down, or in a nuclear reactor such as CANDU, where adjuster rods usually made of steel are instead made of 59Co.
Usually the Co60 used in medicine is produced in the size of 2 x 1.5cm cylinder. In India Co60 is produced by Board of Radio Isotope Technology(BRIT), Mumbai which supplies the cobalt source all over India and sometimes exports to foreign countries.
The supply and use of all the isotopes supplied by BRIT is supervised by Atomic Energy Regulatory Board(AERB). When a registered medical institute orders for the isotope with BRIT, it receives the total or part of the payment and place the orders with the Lab.
When the isotope is ready for delivery, the customer is informed to receive the source by paying the full amount(At present it costs Rs.40laks including transportation)The transport and loading process will be undertaken by the Teletherapy machine's manufacturer. The package will be packed in a lead shield and transported to the medical institute.
Under the supervision of the physicist authorized by AERB, the source loading will be done.
Since the half life of Co60 is 5.27 yrs it will emit radiation that can be used for treatment atleast for 10yrs. After that a new source should be purchased. While buying the teletherapy machine itself they will load the Co60 source,so 10 yrs after buying a new machine only, there will be need for source replacement.
The old decayed source will be taken back by AERB for safe disposal as per the guidelines of International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA).Cobalt from radiotherapy machines has been a serious hazard when not disposed of properly, and one of the worst radiation contamination accidents in North America occurred in 1984, after a discarded cobalt-60 containing radiotherapy unit was mistakenly disassembled in a junkyard in Juarez,Mexico.
In Madras Medical College, the present machine is purchased in 1994 which is preloaded with the Co60 source which is now replaced after completing its third half life. Before that, a old form of teletherapy machine called Janus was used in which the source is loaded in the early 80s. SO its been more than 25 yrs for MMC to witness the source loading.
Wednesday, February 3, 2010
Starring: Premji Amaran, Jai, Vaibhav Reddy, Sneha, Paiaa Bajpai, Melony Mary
Guest Performance: Nayanthara, Simbu,
Director: Venkat Prabhu
Music: Yuvan Shankar Raja
Producer: Ocher Studio's Soundarya Rajinikanth
CBFC: Strictly A
Its a one line story. Three friends are going to Goa, enjoying the stay there. This one line theme is projected well on the screen with 14 reel of comedy and without logic.
Premji, Jai and Vaibhav were friends who run out of the village and heads to Goa in search of foreign girls and then fly abroad. These people are helped by two Gays. During their stay each one of them gets a girl of which premji make his dream of loving a foriegn girl.
The initial 20 minutes movie is superb. Definitely the city people will love those scenes. The cinematography is very nice, showing the beauty of Goa but should have explored Goa more instead of models. Though the doesnt have any logic, the love scenes of premji and mary were so touchable.
The worst part of the movie is the track played for Gay aspects. Dont no Tamil movie is turning into hollywood style now a days(But AVATAR has got many good old tamil sentiments)
Yuvan played his part well in rerecording but missed in playback except in goa song. No song remainds in mind.
Venkat Prabu didnt break his mind much. Just stealed the best part of all the tamil movies and used them appropriately.
Altogether leaving few minus GOA - Go to enjoy - Just 3 hrs journey.
Tuesday, February 2, 2010
The end of 20th century started facing a new kind of health problem in the form of CANCER. The word Cancer itself now turned into a worrisome issue. This disease is mostly due to the modern lifestyle and changing trends in the environment. Whatever the problem we face we ourself find the solution for that.
Yes. For cancer also we found many form of treatment, one of which is the RADIOTHERAPY and the branch of medicine that deals with it is the RADIATION ONCOLOGY.
When we hear the word radiation definitely ,we definitely tend to recall the incident happened to Japan in second world war through Nuclear bomb. Many incidents happened after that like Bokran Nuclear Tests, Bhopal Tragedy, Kalpakkam nuclear reactor, Famous Koodangulam Nuclear project and the famous Nuclear treaty signed by India with US followed with other countries too. Though we read this, hear this on medias, most of us are unaware of the fact that the same Radiation is used to treat the deadliest disease CANCER.
Ofcourse. From the day Roentegen discovered X-Ray followed by the treatment of Breast cancer patient by Dr. Gabreal supposed to be the first radiation oncologist, the miracles of Radiotherapy came to light.
Initially the Radiation treatment was done with the help of low energy X-Rays with out any proper gudelines and treatment protocols which added many side effects. In the early 1930's one institute in England started Radiotherapy department for the treatment of cancers followed by the Barnard Institute of Radiation Oncology in Madras Medical College which become the Asia's First premier institute to start the Radiotherapy department.
In the Late 1950's the X-Rays were overtaken by Cobalt-60 isotopes which made a revolution in the treatment of cancers all over the world. Later many isotope sources like Caecium, Iridium, Radium, etc., were introduced in radiotherapy which are used in different ways.
In the late 1980's a new form of machine called LINEAR ACCELERATOR was introduced which paved the way for hitech treatment planning reducing the side effects and improving the quality of life of people. The beginning of 21st century witnessed new innovations in the field of Radiotherapy like CYBER KNIFE, Intensity modulated radiotherapy, Image guided radiotherapy, Stereotactic radiosurgery etc.,
Radiation which is one of the cause of the cancer becomes the treatment for the same when properly planned and executed with proper radiation generators.